MERAIH ADIPURA YANG BERMARTABAT (Sebuah Gagasan dan Upaya).

By tarmin 22 Nov 2016, 14:51:02 WIBKomunitas

MERAIH ADIPURA YANG BERMARTABAT (Sebuah Gagasan dan Upaya).

PENDAHULUAN

Adipura adalah sebuah penghargaan bagi kota di Indonesia yang berhasil dalam kebersihan serta pengelolaan lingkungan perkotaan. Penghargaan ini diselenggarakan oleh Kementerian Negara Lingkungan Hidup. Program pemberian penghargaan Adipura dilaksanakan setiap tahun sejak 1986. Walaupun sempat terhenti pada awal era reformasi yaitu tahun 1998, akhirnya program Adipura kembali dicanangkan di Denpasar Bali pada tanggal 5 Juni 2002 dan terus berlanjut hingga sekarang.

Tujuan diadakannya adipura untuk memacu semua daerah agar menjadi “kota bersih dan teduh”. Oleh sebab itu, kriteria penilaian Adipura terdiri dari 2 indikator pokok yakni indikator kondisi fisik lingkungan perkotaan dalam hal kebersihan dan keteduhan kota serta indikator pengelolaan lingkungan perkotaan (non-fisik), yang meliputi institusi, manajemen, dan daya tanggap.

Untuk meraih prestasi dan prestise adipura yang diserahkan langsung oleh presiden, para kepala daerah membuat berbagai program dengan menghabiskan dana yang besar untuk menjadikan daerahnya bersih dan teduh. Terkadang program ini terkesan “dipaksakan” dan kurang mendapatkan dukungan masyarakat. Bahkan tak jarang program meraih adipura di beberapa daerah dipersepsikan negatif karena dianggap merugikan masyarakat kecil.

Ada beberapa penyebab kondisi di atas terjadi yaitu kurangnya pengetahuan dan minimnya kesadaran masyarakat akan pentingnya kebersihan. Hal ini mengakibatkan keterlibatan masyarakat sangat rendah dalam program tersebut. Selain itu, di beberapa daerah terjadi penggusuran dan pembersihan jalan protokol, pasar dan tempat strategis lainnya dari pedagang kaki lima, warung, dan sebagainya. Penggusuran ini dilakukan dengan paksa dan tanpa memberikan solusi sehingga rakyat kecil beranggapan adipura adalah penyebab mereka digusur dan kehilangan mata pencahariannya.

Tujuan ti

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